Prior to almost every great historical change in Europe there was a period of exhaustion. A tiredness of being conscientious. This rule was especially profound in the 20th century. This tragic pattern takes away the right to be silent now, when that uncertainty and insecurity once again dominate in Europe.
The optimistic prospects for the European Union are surrounded by clouds foretelling of economic difficulties and social anxiety. Hundreds of thousands refugees have appeared. Terrorism has undermined the peace of the previously safest locations. For many collective issues have become annoying irritants.
The exhaustion from the incessant stream of threats could have been predicted. But now that exhaustion has become a danger: it provokes a moral alienation, allowing us to compromise with truthfulness. That is why Europe is being overwhelmed by populism with its very simple responses to complex issues. This is why xenophobia and chauvinism emerge as a defense mechanism against foreigners. This is why it becomes easier to hide from problems, to avoid the additional responsibilities, to look inward. This turns to self-isolation.
Russia’s war against Ukraine, the occupation of the Crimea, the armed intervention in the Donbas, tens of thousands of victims, 1,500,000 internally displaced refugees belong to those problems from which an European philistine wants to hide behind the screen of exhaustion. Daily Russian diversions, provocations and blackmail no longer appall a portion of the European polity. They have become accustomed to this war. The routine dulls empathy; indifference levels the victim and the aggressor.
But Russia’s war against Ukraine continues. The aggression continues.
At the same time in Ukraine there is a dramatic battle of the new against the old – and this battle does not guarantee a quick victory, since this kind of victory has not immediately occurred in any European country. The Russia’s war in Ukraine continues and exhausts slowly, peopleare being killed each single day. For this reason the European exhaustion is the aggressor’s strongest ally, who with arms in hand violates world order.
“To become exhausted from Ukraine” and to ignore Russia’s crimes in Ukraine, and return to its “business as usual” with Russia are being considered now as an offensively realistic option again. But this is a horrifying self-illusion and self-deception. Life in Europe has changed. One of the main reasons is the attempt of foreign aggression to inject onto the very values, sense and style of life in Europe. No attempt to hide in one’s one home will return the previous comfort.
At a time when a united Europe is yet trying to find its fulcrum, with this appeal we, the representatives of various nations, call on European politicians and European community to find the intellectual and moral strength to prevent the “exhaustion from Ukraine” and resist temptations to mollify the Russian aggressor. This illness will lead to one end: an exhaustion from oneself, from one’s own values, from the very ideals of Europe.
We call on all thinking people of our joint European community to show solidarity and to find the strength to stand against the threats of self-isolation, xenophobia and populism, which will dismember Europe.
The sole direction which can save Europe from the errors and cowardice is the ethic choice: an adherence to the values which created Europe’s civilization. This ethical choice should envisage the values of freedom and the rule of law above the amoral comprise of “realpolitik”, the victory of collective solidarity over self-isolation, the vision of a United Europe over local interests and ambitions.
“The exhaustion from Ukraine” is a metaphor. It also applies to the rest of Europe, which, despite its geographical proximity, remains unknown in much of the nearsighted West. A great deal depends from the countries of this region, from accountability and effectiveness of their leaderships and the maturity of their societies. But Europe needs to make an effort to discover and understand these “forgotten” European nations.
The ethical choice means including Ukraine in the mental map of Europe. This inclusivity applies also to Georgia, Moldova and to all countries of Eastern Europe, whose presence in the boundaries of the European Union should once and for all time become a political and spiritual reality.
Europe cannot hide from itself.
And Europe needs to fight with all its strength from an exhaustion of its conscience as an exhaustion of itself.
Let’s not be afraid of the future. Let’s create it together.
15 September 2016
Vytautas Landsbergis, the first Head of the renewed state of Lithuania
Valdas Adamkus, President of the Republic of Lithuania (1998-2003, 2004-2009)
Aleksander Kwasniewski, President of the Republic of Poland (1995-2005)
Algirdas Saudargas,Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Lithuania (1990-1992, 1996-2000)
Petras Vaitiekūnas, Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Lithuania (2006-2008)
Audronius Azubalis, Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Lithuanian Republic (2010-2012)
Antanas Valionis, Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Lithuanian Republic (2000-2001)
Uffe Elleman-Jensen, Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Kingdom of Denmark (1982-1993)
Juri Luik, Minister for Foreign Affairs (1994-1995) and Minister of Defense (1999-2002) of Estonia
Jon Baldvin Hannibalsson, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Iceland (1988-1995)
Karel Schwarzenberg, Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Czech Republic (2007-2009, 2010-2013)
Sir Malcolm Rifkind, Foreign Secretary (1995-1997) and Defence Secretary (1992-1995) of the United Kingdom
Adam Michnik, Founder and editor-in-chief of Gazeta Wyborcza newspaper
Adam Rotfeld, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Poland (2005)
Vyacheslav Briukhovetsky, Honorary President of the National University of “Kyiv-Mohyla Academy”, member of “The First of December” Initiative Group
Bohdan Hawrylyshyn, member of the Club of Rome, founding member of the World Economic Forum in Davos, member of “The First of December” Initiative Group
Lubomyr Cardinal Husar, Major Archbishop Emeritus of the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church, member of “The First of December” Initiative Group
Ivan Dziuba, former dissident, literary critic, member of Ukraine’s National Academy of Sciences, member of “The First of December” Initiative Group
Yevhen Zakharov, former dissident, human rights activist, member of “The First of December” Initiative Group
Myroslav Marynovych, former dissident, philosopher, human rights activist, Vice-Rector of the Ukrainian Catholic University, member of “The First of December” Initiative Group
Volodymyr Panchenko, literary critic, member of “The First of December” Initiative Group
Myroslav Popovych, philosopher, director of the Ukraine’s Skovoroda Institute of Philosophy, member of Ukraine’s National Academy of Sciences, member of “The First of December” Initiative Group
Vadym Skurativskyi, philosopher, culturologist, member of “The First of December” Initiative Group
Yuri Shcherbak, writer, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Ukraine, member of “The First of December” Initiative Group
Ihor Yukhnovskyi, the first Leader of the democratic People’s Rada in the Parliament of Ukraine (1990 – 1994), scientist, member of Ukraine’s National Academy of Sciences, member of “The First of December” Initiative Group
Ivan Vasyunyk, Vice Prime Minister of Ukraine (2007-2010), chief of the secretariat of “The First of December” Initiative Group
Danylo Lubkivsky, Deputy Foreign Minister of Ukraine (2014)
Volodymyr Viatrovych, historian, head of the Ukrainian Institute of National Remembrance
Josyf Zisels, former dissident, head of the Association of Jewish Organizations and Communities in Ukraine
Volodymyr Ohryzko, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine (2007-2009)
Yuriy Makarov, journalist, writer
Olena Styazhkina, historian, writer, member of the Ukrainian PEN-Centre
Oksana Zabuzhko, writer
Audrius Siaurusevicius, Director General of the Lithuanian National Radio and Television
Ramūnas Bogdanas, former advisor to Mr. Vytautas Landsbergis as the first head of state of Lithuania